Efforts to curb female foeticide and pre-natal gender tests despite strong laws have failed miserably and the Child Sex Ratio (CSR ) is falling drastically in Hyderabad and elsewhere in the state , officials said two days before the government and independent groups begin the ‘Save the girl child’ campaign. In Hyderabad , the fifth largest city in South India , the CSR has come down from 943 girls per 1,000 boys to 938 girls to 1000 boys in the past 10 years and the situation in the districts is worse with the CSR in Warangal falling from 955 girls in 2001 to just 912 girl per 1,000 boys now . “The deplorable scenario is the result of increasing violence, foeticide, infanticide , trafficking of poor women , forced polyandry and availability of advanced technology for widespread use of sex determination and sex selective abortions ,” said P Raghu , regional manager of Actionaid , which is spearheading the campaign along with the government in collaboration with other NGOs.
The campaign which involves awareness workshops , community sensitising , interface meetings at district and mandal levels among others , will first be launched in 100 villages across 10 districts , where the CSR is most disturbing . Sunitha Laxma Reddy , minister for women and child welfare ,will launch the campaign in the city on Monday. In the state , female foeticide among other reasons has led to a steady drop in the state’s CSR with 943 girls per 1,000 boys being reported now from 961 girls in 2001. The campaign will cover 100 villagesin thedistrictsof Warangal , Kadapa , Nalgonda , Ananthapur , Chittoor and Mahbubnagar among others . Experts said poor implementation of the Pre-Conception Pre-N atal and Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act 1994 in the state is one of the major reasons for the declining CSR . “Some doctors are easily agreeing for sex determination tests and abortions . If things are not brought under control in the next 10 years the CSR in AP will become as low as that of Punjab and Haryana,”said Asha Singh, member , National Inspection Monitoring Cell, a central government body.